Paddington

Studio to rent in London Paddington

Studio to rent in London Paddington

History

The earliest extant reference to Padington, historically a part of Middlesex, was made in 1056.[citation needed]

In the later Elizabethan and early Stuart era, the rectory and associated estate houses were occupied by the Small (or Smale) family. Nicholas Small was a clothworker who was sufficiently well connected to have Holbein paint a portrait of his wife, Jane Small. Nicholas died in 1565 and his wife married again, to Nicholas Parkinson, who also resided in Paddington. Parkinson went on to be the Master of the Clothworker’s company. Jane Small continued to live in Paddington after her second husband’s death, and her manor house was big enough to have been let to Sir John Popham, the attorney general, in the 1580s. At this time there was an inn attached to the estate, named Blowers.[1]

By 1773, a contemporary historian determined that “London may now be said to include two cities, one borough and forty six antient villages”, Paddington and adjoining Marybone (Marylebone) being named as two of those villages.[2]

Roman roads formed the parish’s north-eastern and southern boundaries from Marble Arch: Watling Street (later Edgware Road) and the Uxbridge road, known by the 1860s as Bayswater Road. They were toll roads in the 18th century, before and after the dismantling of the permanent Tyburn gallows “tree” at their junction in 1759. By 1800, the area was also traversed by the Harrow Road and an arm of the Grand Union Canal.[3]:p 174

Slang based on Paddington

Webster’s dictionary[4] defines three slang terms related to Paddington: “Paddington Fair Day” which refers to a public hanging day at the Tyburn gallows (Tyburn being part of Paddington Parish); “Paddington Fair” which means a public execution; and “To dance the Paddington frisk” which means “to be hanged”. Webster’s dictionary cites Brewer’s Dictionary and the Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 1811, for these uses of Paddington. Public executions were abolished in England in 1868.[5]

Railway station

In the station are statues of its designer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and the children’s fiction character Paddington Bear.

Redevelopment

Commercial traffic on the canal dwindled in the second half of the 19th century and early 20th century, and freight moved from rail to road after World War II, leading to the abandonment of the goods yards in the early 1980s. The land lay derelict until the Paddington Waterside Partnership was established in 1998 to coordinate the regeneration of the area between the Westway, Praed Street and Westbourne Terrace. This includes major developments on the goods yard site (now branded PaddingtonCentral) and around the canal (Paddington Basin).

Religion

Paddington has a number of Anglican churches, including St James’s [1], St Mary Magdalene’s [2] and St Peter’s [3].

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